World Heritage Cultural and Natural Sites in the Philippines
An archipelago of more than 7,000 islands and islets, the Philippines has several sites classified as natural sites and cultural sites of the World Heritage Convention. Indeed, the first protected sites were inscribed on the heritage list in 1993.
In addition to the 6 sites classified as natural heritage or cultural heritage, the Philippines also has 26 sites subject to the tentative list.
Églises baroques des Philippines : des biens culturels
Inscribed on the Unisco World Heritage List, the Philippine cultural landscape has 4 Baroque churches:
- San Agustin Church in Manila
- Nuestra Señora Church of the Asunción de Santa Maria
- Church of San Agustín de Paoay
- Santo Tomás de Villanueva de Miag-ao Church
Located in the cities of Manila, Santa Maria, Paoay and Miag, the first of the Baroque churches was built at the end of the 16th century by the Spaniards. Thus, these historical monuments represent a singular architectural style. Indeed, these buildings combine the European Baroque and a reinterpretation of Filipino and Chinese craftsmen.
Ville historique de Vigan : une exception architecturale
A priori, the old town Vigan represents the most intact Spanish colonial city, founded in the 16th century in Asia. For this reason, it is inscribed on the list of protection of the world heritage of humanity.
Moreover, the city is characterized by an architecture reflecting the reunification of cultural elements from other parts of the Philippines, China and Europe. Moreover, this mixture creates a singular intangible cultural heritage. Likewise, you can experience an unmistakable urban ensemble in Southeast Asia.
Tubbataha Reef Natural Park
With 130,028 ha, the marine park is one of the World Heritage sites. Moreover, it has 2 atolls: North Reef and South Reef.
So you can find there a great density of marine species.
In addition, the northern islet protected by UNESCO designates a nesting place for birds and sea turtles. Likewise, the site offers a benevolent example of a perfectly preserved coral atoll:
- A spectacular vertical wall 100 m high
- Vast lagoons
- Two coral islets
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
With an Outstanding Universal Value of over 2,000 years, the rice fields of the Ifugao offer remarkable lines on the curves of the mountains.
Moreover, this know-how of these natural properties is passed on from generation to generation. Indeed, these sacred traditions and this social balance produce cultural landscapes of great harmony. Furthermore, inclusion in cultural heritage concerns the protection of the environment and man.
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park
first, the visit to the underground river site offers a surprising landscape. Indeed, the river joins the sea while being influenced by the tides.
Moreover, the site has been declared a UNESCO heritage site because it represents an essential habitat for the conservation of biological diversity. Indeed, the national park recognized by UNESCO contains a complete mountain-sea ecosystem. In addition, it is home to the most important forests in Asia.
Mount Hamiguitan Wildlife Sanctuary
Listed as a World Heritage Site, this sanctuary of wild flora and fauna forms a mountain ridge with:
- A north-south direction along the Pujada peninsula
- The south-eastern part of the Eastern Mindanao Biodiversity Corridor
- An altitudinal amplitude of 75 to 1,637 m of the chain of Mount Hamiguitan above sea level
- Critically important habitat for a range of animal and plant species
Thus, these terrestrial and aquatic habitats allow the preservation of different elevations sheltering endemic species of fauna and flora.
Protected by the World Heritage Center, these species include:
- Critically endangered trees and plants
- Two birds: the Philippine eagle and the Philippine cockatoo